Chess is a two-player strategic board game. It is played on a chessboard, on which the 2 players, facing each other, take it in turns to move either one of the 16 white pieces of the game or the 16 blacks, one by one, based on the rules of the game.
In former times, chess was called “the game of the Kings”. This was due to the fact that for a long time it was the main entertainment of Kings, Popes and Princes, and generally the supreme clergy, the courtiers, the nobles and the rich of both the West and the East. Today, chess is considered the “king of the toys” as it is thought to be the hardest, the most scientific and the most beautiful.
Generally, as a sport, it is a fascinating way of testing the intellectual powers of players who, by applying the rules of the game with accuracy and skill, play on equal terms.
The most important aspect of this game is not so much victory over an opponent as the quality of victory. Enthusiasm for the game lies within those moves that are aimed at predicting an opponent’s next moves, clever combinations and the fine manoeuvres appreciated in “chess thinking” may be more enjoyable than “static” books, paintings and other artistic works.
In general, chess cultivates and develops great skills such as: discipline, will-power, endurance, memory development, readiness, intelligence, logical thinking, or, as formerly called, “the sharpening of the mind”.
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